What are Primates?


What are Primates?

What are Primates?

A chimpanzee is a primate. Today we find out the facts about Primates are a type of mammal. Mammals that have hair and give birth to live young, and feed their young one with milk from their bodies. Primates are mainly found in the deep rain forest of East Africa, you spy a chimpanzee in the thick forest. It glides through the dense forest swinging from one branch to another. Looking for fruits on the trees and down for some ripe berries, birds’ eggs, termites, etc. Monkeys, lemurs, gorillas, Orangutans, and bonobos are all primates, Golden Monkey Human are primates too.

There are more than 350 species of primates. They all have eye that can grasp, an eye that face forward, and flat nails on their hands and feet. Having eye that face forward give better vision to them. Female primate usually gives birth to a single baby at a time. Primates also have a larger brain compared to their body size. These make them very intelligent.

What are chimpanzees?

Chimpanzee are primates slightly smaller compared to a human, they stand 3 to 5 feet, 6 inches and 1 meter to 1.7-meter-tall and approximately weigh 70 to 130 pounds (32 to 60 kilograms). The largest chimps are about the size of a small adult human.

Chimps have brown or black all over their bodies and hairless faces with short beards that appear in both female and male chimpanzees. Beneath their hairy coats, chimps may develop pale white-ish or brown feet range from pink to dark brown. Male chimpanzee is larger than the female.

Are chimpanzee great apes?

Chimpanzee, bonobos, gorillas, and Orangutans belong to a group called great apes Great apes share many characteristics and live in similar habitats. They live in African rain forests, woodland, and grasslands. Great apes also share many things with humans in facts, they share most of DNA. Chimpanzee and bonobos are animals closest to the human they share more than 98.8% of DNA.

How are chimpanzees classified?

There are only one main species of chimpanzee, however, there are 3 subspecies of chimpanzee; central African chimpanzee, the West African chimpanzee, and the East African Chimpanzee. All the 3 subspecies look very similar, although the East African chimps have longer shaggy hair. A west African chimp has a paler face than a central African chimpanzee.

Where does chimpanzee live?

Mainly chimpanzee can be found in African natural habitats, chimpanzee habitats can be found in 21 African countries. They range from Gambia in the west of Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda in East Africa.

Chimps can survive in three different habitats; woodland, rainforest and flat open savannah, this is a wider range of habitats than other great apes, which gives chimps a greater chance of survival. Chimps do not spend as much time in savannah as they do in their other habitats. Chimpanzee spend more time in mixed savannah with fruity tree like in Semuliki National Park Uganda. In addition to chimpanzee, they can live in many bird’s species, smaller primates, and elephants live.

Woodland and rainforest

A chimpanzee can be found in densely forested areas such as woodlands and rain forests. Dry woodland has a period of little or no rain. At other times of the year, they are wet and humid. Chimps have adapted life in changing conditions.

Woodland features many different types of trees and bushes, these supply food to chimpanzee as well as hiding places for the many types of animals. In eastern Congo there are dense second largest in the world. mountain gorilla forests, leopards, okapi. Bwindi impenetrable forest national park are tropical rain forest found southwestern of equator, with higher chance of Gorilla trekking in Uganda

What adaptation help chimps survive?

An adaptation is process that allows an animal to live in a particular place in a particular way. Chimpanzee have developed adaptation to help them to live in woodland and rain forests.

Arms, thumbs, and toes

Traveling from tree to tree in the forest requires balance and strength. A Chimpanzee has long, strong arms to help them swing hand over hand from one tree branch to another. This type of movement is called brachiation chimps also have opposable thumbs and opposable big toes, which help them to grasp branches tightly, opposable thumbs also allow chimps to use tools, which most animals cannot do.

Vision

Chimpanzee, like other primates, have eyes that face forward. This means the view from one eye overlaps with the view from the other eye. This is called a Binocular vision. It allows chimpanzees to see a three-dimension (3-D) image, so they can judge the distance from one branch to another. They know exactly to grasp and when to let it go.

Intelligence

The most important adaptation a chimp has is its large brain compared to its body size, chimpanzees use their intelligence to solve the problem, such as how to scoop termites out of a nest or open up a hard nut. They learn from one another and cooperate to accomplish tasks. Chimps also have a good memory, which help them remember where they have found good food.

What does chimpanzee eat?

Chimps are omnivores, which means they can eat both plants and animals. A chimp diet mainly consists of seed, leaves, fruits, and berries. They also eat birds, eggs and their chicks, termites, ants and sometimes even dead animals. They also sometimes eat bark and flowers. Finding all this food takes up most of a chimp’s day.

Hunting

Chimpanzees sometimes go hunting. They may hunt alone or in a group. Group hunting is often more successful because the chimps can help each other catch their prey. A scientist was surprised to discover that chimps hunt and eat other primates, such as the red colobus monkey. Chimps depend on whatever food they can find in a particular area. If an area has a lot of fruits, it may attract a group of monkeys. These ´monkeys then become prey for chimpanzees, chimps will also hunt and eat wild pigs and antelope.

What is the Chimpanzee enemy? – Chimpanzee predator

Leopards and lions have been known to kill and eat chimps. However, the most dangerous predator of the chimpanzee is human beings have killed off more chimps than any other animal in the wild. There are several ways in which humans can cause chimpanzee deaths: By killing for food, bypassing on diseases from which the chimps die like Coronavirus (COVID-19), Ebola, and by destroying the natural habitats. People cut down rain forest trees in order to use the land for farming and to build houses. As their habitat grows smaller, chimps find it harder to find food, and their numbers decline.

What is a Chimpanzee life cycle?

Chimpanzee’s life cycle, the life cycle of an animal covers its birth ton its death and all the different stages in between.  Chimpanzee lives for a relatively long time. They can live to around 45 years in the wild and around 60 years in captivity.

Group living has benefits when it comes to reproduction, more group members mean more options for mating. Chimps mate all year long, not only at a certain time of year. But chimpanzee mating is linked to food sources. More mating takes place when there is plenty of food to eat.

Chimps usually give birth to one baby at a time. They are pregnant for about 8 months, just a little shorter than humans. Chimps babies weigh only about 4 pounds (1.8Kilograms).  they are helpless and cling to their mother much like human babies.


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