What do gorillas eat – The composition of the gorilla’s diet varies by subspecies and seasonality. Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla): This subspecies consumes parts of a minimum of 97 plant species. About 67% of their diet is a fruit, 17% is leaves, seeds, and stems and three is termites and caterpillars.
Eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri): This subspecies consumes parts of a minimum of 104 plant species.
Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei): This subspecies consumes parts of a minimum of 142 plant species and only 3 sorts of fruit (there is hardly any fruit available thanks to the high altitude). About 86% of their diet is leaves, shoots, and stems, 7% is roots, 3% is flowers, 2% is fruit, and a couple of ants, snails, and grubs.
This subspecies isn’t also studied because of the other subspecies. However their diet has been studied through their fecal matter and is understood to incorporate fruit, leaves, stems, piths, and a few invertebrates.
Gorillas are ready to survive on vegetation like leaves, stems, roots, vines, herbs, trees, and grasses but such vegetation has relatively low nutritional quality. Therefore, they need to consume a bigger quantity, but it’s available year-round.
An adult male gorilla may consume more than 18 kg (40 lbs.) of vegetation per day.
Gorillas rarely drink the wild because they consume succulent vegetation that’s comprised of just about half water also as morning dew.
Gorillas can use their incredible strength to interrupt apart vegetation. A man for instance can shred apart an entire banana to urge to the inside tender pith.
Gorillas are very selective foragers. They usually only eat parts of vegetation. For example they’ll eat only the leaves, pith, stalk, or roots of a specific plant. They use their agile lips and hand dexterity to control the vegetation for the actual portion they need to consume.
Gorillas do not overexploit an area for food. They crop the vegetation in a manner that allows for quick replenishment to occur.
Gorillas have been documented using the hair on the back of their hands to absorb water and then sucking it.