Gorillas inhabit a spread of environments across Africa from montane forest to lowland swamp. they will be divided into two species: the Western Types of gorilla (Mountain Gorilla gorilla) and therefore the Eastern Gorilla (Gorilla beringei), and both include two subspecies the bring African gorillas.
Physically gorillas are the most important amongst the good apes, with adult males reaching a height of 160-180 cm and a weight of 140-230 kg. Gorillas are very social animals that typically sleep in groups of between 2 and 40 individuals, although western gorillas tend to measure in smaller groups than their eastern counterparts.
Normally a gaggle consists of 1 mature man (the silverback) who leads the group, and a number of other females and their offspring. almost like chimpanzees and bonobos, female gorillas leave their natal group at sexual maturity to hitch another group or a solitary male. within the case of death of the resident silverback the group either disbands or another male becomes dominant.
Gorillas are diurnal and that they build new nests for day and night use a day . Whilst western gorillas nest both in trees and on the bottom , the bulk of eastern gorilla nests are constructed on the bottom and tree nests are rare during this species.
Eastern gorillas are largely herbivorous and their diet consists mainly of leaves and herbs, but western gorillas also consume an outsized amount of fruit and have a diet more almost like that of chimpanzees. Gorillas live for around 35 years and females have an inter-birth interval of roughly 4 years, parturition to 3-4 infants in their lifetime.
There are estimated to be over 100,000 gorillas left within the wild, but accurate population estimates are difficult to get . Gorilla DNA is about 97.7 is identical to human DNA.